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What is Paint?

All You Need to Know About Paint

Paints are thin coatings applied to surfaces in a liquid form. They dry and become flexible solids. They have many uses, the protection of the surface from sunlight, dampness, dust, abrasion, and weathering.

They provide easily cleanable surfaces that help keep the substrates clean and tidy. They can alter the interior by the use of color, light or darkness, matt or reflective surfaces and not to forget with texture.

Learn all about paint, how it is made, what it is used for and when and where to use it

We underestimate the complexity of paint until we visit the paint store to do some small DIY chores, for a bit of a touch up of paint here, change of wall color there and soon we are laden down with choice.

What sort of paint do we need? What sort of paint is already on the walls? What is the substrate that is to be painted, and the list of questions goes on.

That’s usually when we grab the yellow pages and employ a professional. After all they know what they are talking about….and so can you.

We cover all areas of paint here. After reading through the paint information provided you will be well versed in the language of paint and then just have to decide on the color

Find more Paint Information

Paint Application – the order in which things are painted is called a paint system and vitally important in the painting process.

Paint Appplication Tools – paint brushes, rollers, spray application and pads.

Paint Pigments – important paint ingredient.

Paint Problems – recognizing or avoiding paint faults like chalking, blistering, checking, cracking, crocodiling or alligatoring, efflorescence and mould or fungus.

Paint Additives – important paint ingredient.

Oil Based Paint – definition of oil based paint. Advantages and disadvantages of using it.

Water Based Paint – definition of water based paint. Advantages and disadvantages of using it.

Spirit Based Paint – definition of spirit type coatings.

Timber Stains – definition of timber stains.

How Paint is Made a simple explaination of how paint is manufactured.

Special Types of Paint these include anti fungus paint, fire retardant paints, intumescent, relief texture paints, heat resistant paints and multicolored finish paints.

Marbling Paint Effects – an example of using paint effects on a large scale for the floor.

Decorating Paint Effects

Types of Paint Effects 

Wall Finish Resources

Clear Finishes and Paint

Clear Finishes (lacquer or varnish), are transparent and are used so that the substrate’s appearance is enhanced by the application as well as protected.

They are made up of a binder, solvent and additives.

Paint composition is similar but requires pigments for color and extenders for opacity.

Paint and Clear Finish Composition

Clear Finish = Binder + Solvent + Additives
Paint = Binder + Solvent Additives + Pigment + Extender

The Ingredients of Paint

Film Former (medium, vehicle, binder)
It is a liquid form
It binds together the components of the paint (or clear finish)
It influences the gloss level, degree of sheen in the film
It keeps the pigment in suspension
It provides paints with water resistant properties
It provides the adhesion of the coating to the substrate by softening the previous dry coat

Examples of binders are:
Drying oils – linseed, soyabean, tung, olive
Natural Resins (either from living or fossilized remains) – kauri, damar, ester, lac, rubber
Synthetic Resins – Alkyd, acrylic, polyurethane, PVA, silicone, epoxy, phenolic

Interior Design and Decorating Paint and Painting Systems

Once you we know about how paint is made up we can look at how it is manufactured and the problems that can arise when we apply it.

If you want some DIY tips on applying paint the visit our perfect paint job tips, otherwise read the articles above and familiarize yourself with spirit type coatings, a specialist type of paint coating, and the specialist names of some paints and familiarise yourself with them for future use.

Find out how paint is manufactured, just for interests sake and then learn all about the many defects and surface breakdowns that can occur when painting. Be able to recognise them, and know how to avoid them happening to you if you are a DIY painter.

Find out what tools are used for paint application and some special paint finishes. Read on and increase your general interior design and decorating knowledge of paint and painting systems.

Learn the Names of Different Types of Paint

Paints that are named after their function (i.e. what they do)

Primers, Finishing Coats, Sanding Sealer, Fillers, Floor Paint, Galvanised Iron Primer, Surfacers, Stoving Paint, Spray Paint, Undercoats, Stainer, Etch Primer, Knifing Compounds, Roof Paint Sealers.

Paints named after the binder or medium used in the making
Acrylic, Latex Paint/Varnish, Latex PVA Paint/Varnish, Shellac Based Paint/Varnish, Spirit Based Paint/Varnish, Epoxy Paint/Varnish, Polyurethane /Varnish, Alkyd Resin/Varnish, Tung Oil, Linseed Oil, Cement Paints, Emulsion, Bitumous, Chlorinated Rubber.

Paints named after the pigment used in the manufacture
Zinc Rich or Zinc Dust Primer, White Lead Paints, Graphite Paint, Red Lead Paints, LTZ – Lead Titanium Zinc, Aluminium, Micaceous Iron Oxide (Roof Paint), Calcium Plumbate Primer, Zinc Chromate.

Paints named after their look
Eggshell, Multicoloured, Matt, Iridescent Texture, Satin Finish, Wrinkle Finish, Semi Gloss, Luminous, Fluorescent, Gloss, Crackle Finish, Flat.

Add some color to your room with these cost effective wall decals